In recent years, India has witnessed an exponential growth in internet usage, making it one of the world’s largest digital markets. With an ever-increasing demand for internet services, the need for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) has become more pronounced than ever before. If you are interested in venturing into the thriving Indian telecommunications industry and wish to become an ISP, this article will serve as a concise guide to help you understand the process of obtaining an ISP license in India. Below, we will show you a video to introduce you to this article.

Categories of ISP License

In India, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) issues ISP licenses under three categories: Class A, Class B, and Class C. Each category corresponds to different geographical coverage areas and specific requirements:

  1. Class A ISP License: This license allows an ISP to provide internet services in a specified metro area or a major city. The minimum paid-up capital requirement for a Class A license is typically higher than that of the other categories.
  2. Class B ISP License: With a Class B license, an ISP can operate in a telecom circle, which includes multiple districts and towns within a state. The capital investment required for a Class B license is relatively lower than that of a Class A license.
  3. Class C ISP License: This license grants the ISP the ability to provide internet services in specific rural areas or small towns. The capital investment required for a Class C license is generally the lowest among the three categories.

ISP License or VNO (Virtual Network Operator)

Aside from obtaining a traditional ISP license, you also have the option of becoming a Virtual Network Operator (VNO). VNOs do not own the underlying network infrastructure but lease bandwidth and network services from existing licensed ISPs or telecom companies to provide internet services to end-users.

Choosing between an ISP license and a VNO license depends on various factors, including your budget, business model, and the extent of control you want over the network infrastructure. While a VNO license might involve less upfront investment, acquiring an ISP license can provide more control and independence in shaping your services.

Private Limited Company: A Must

Irrespective of the category of the license you wish to apply for, it is essential to set up a Private Limited Company as per the Companies Act, 2013. The company will be the legal entity through which you can apply for the ISP license. This requirement ensures that you have a well-defined corporate structure, liability protection, and a credible business presence.


Obtaining an ISP license in India is an intricate yet rewarding process that opens the doors to a lucrative market with millions of potential customers. Before embarking on this journey, carefully assess the geographical area you wish to cover and the scale of operations you want to achieve. Decide on the type of license that aligns best with your business goals – Class A, Class B, or Class C. Additionally, consider the option of becoming a VNO if you prefer a less capital-intensive approach.

Remember, establishing a Private Limited Company is a prerequisite, and it will serve as the foundation of your ISP venture. By adhering to the regulations, fulfilling the financial requirements, and ensuring compliance with all legal aspects, you can successfully secure an ISP license and pave the way for a prosperous internet service business in India.